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Mai Mongkon – Harnessing Auspicious Energy For Construction Projects

Mai Mongkon – Harnessing Auspicious Energy For Construction Projects

Many countries in Asia hold a common belief that land due to development is often inhabited by the entities and spirits of ages past. These may consist of local deities tied to the earth, Mahoraga, or other spiritual beings. If prior preparations and proper tributes are not carried out before construction begins, it might compromise the health and safety of the workers involved, or even jeopardize the successful completion of the project. Even if the house or building is somehow completed, the sanctity of the people within may also be adversely affected.

It is believed that these spiritual entities, in addition to the natural forces of the universe, contribute to the essential well-being of the occupants in the final building. For example, sites with a history of violent murders and wars are cesspools of negative energy.

In addition to the prescribed ceremonies, Thais also believe that they need to bury auspicious objects in the ground before construction of any building can take place. For important buildings such as temple halls, governmental buildings or buildings for Royalties, an elaborate ceremony called Phithi Wang Silaroek (Ground Stone Ceremony) is conducted, where 9 types of auspicious wood, with other items (such as flowers and money), are buried below the foundations of the building.

For regular buildings such as houses and other places of residence, a simpler ceremony called Phithi Tang Sao Aek is performed, where a selection of auspicious items are placed inside a hole on the grounds and covered with soil or cement.

In both instances, elaborate astrological calculations are mandatory, to determine a fortuitous and exacting day and time for the ceremony to take place. For example, the date needs to astrologically compatible with the birthdate of the owner of the building. The variables are stringent and dictate everything from the date and time of the ceremony to the order, placement, and orientation of the auspicious objects.

It is believed that such a ceremony and placements would ensure that the occupants enjoy harmonious relationships, better health, happier lives and for the most part, sidestep any unfavourable circumstances arising from cosmic or spiritual incompatibility.

Phithi Wang Silaroek
Phithi Tang Sao Aek
Picture Credit: Kittipong Chotitana/

For Building Construction of Buildings

Beside burying flowers, money and jewellery, these kinds of wood are also added:
1. Mai Rajapruek (Cassia fistula) – for Amnaj Wasana. Beneficial to politicians or people in positions of authority. Buried in the Northwest.

Mai Rajapruek (Cassia fistula)
Picture Credit: smk88/

2. Mai Kanoon (Artocarpus heterophyllus) – attracts wealth and support from others. Buried in the centre.

Mai Kanoon (Artocarpus heterophyllus)
Picture Credit: Goh_M/

3. Mai Chaiyapleuk (Cassia javanica) – brings Choke Chai. It is buried in the West.

Mai Chaiyapleuk (Cassia javanica)
Picture Credit: Jacqui Martin/

4. Mai Thonglang

(Erythrina variegata Linn.) – will attract more and more assets. It is buried in the South West.
Mai Thonglang (Erythrina variegata Linn.)
Picture Credit: Paradorn Sriarwut/

5. Mai Pai Srisuk

(Bambusa blumeana Schult. f.) – bestows good health. It is buried in the North side.
Mai Pai Srisuk (Bambusa blumeana Schult. f.)
Picture Credit: Uwe Aranas/

6. Mai Song Badan

(Cassia surattensis Burm. f.) – instills harmony and stability. It is buried in the Northeast.
Mai Song Badan (Cassia surattensis Burm. f.)
Picture Credit: Pongsak14/

7. Mai Sak

(Tectona grandis Linn.f.) – imbues an aura of prestige and honour and Amnaj Baramee, which commands respect from others. It is buried in the East.

Left: Mai Sak (Tectona grandis Linn.f.), Right: Rhizome of Mai Sak
Picture Credit: left: PeingjaiChiangmai/, right: Tuanjai Pratumma/

8. Mai Payoong

(Dalbergia cochinchinensis Pierre, or the Siamese Rosewood) – Payoong
means to support, and the properties of this wood provides luck to support you in difficult situations. It is buried in the south.
Mai Payoong (Dalbergia cochinchinensis Pierre)
Picture Credit: pangcom /

9. Mai Kan Krao

, also known as Mai Tamsao
(Fagraea fragrans Roxb.) – wards away danger. Tamsao
means foundation, and it is believed that the addition of this wood will keep the foundations of the building stable. It is buried in the South East.
Mai Kan Krao (Fagraea fragrans Roxb.) and its flowers
Picture Credit: left: weerapong worranam/, right: noicherrybeans/

Other Traditions in Asia

In Indonesia and Malaysia, rituals are performed to exorcise any evil spirits from the land before inviting auspicious and protective ones. Sacred verses are also recited before purifying and blessing the land with holy water.

The Chinese will offer a feast to the land deities, and a blessing ritual will be carried out. For the Mahayana Buddhist, auspicious items such as Wealth Vases will be buried on the property.

Wealth Vases



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